Italian cuisine is characterized by its simplicity, with many dishes having only 4-8 ingredients. Italian cooks rely mainly on the quality of the ingredients rather than on complicated preparation. Dishes and recipes often go back generations, and this makes many recipes ideally suited for home cooking.
Ingredients and dishes do vary by region, though many dishes that were once regional have quickly increased in different variations across Italy. Wine and Cheese are a major part of their cuisine, with many variations & Denominazione di origine controllata (DOC) (regulated appellation) laws. Coffee, specifically espresso, is very important in Italian cuisine.
Italy has some of the oldest wine-producing regions in the world and is the world’s second largest wine producer behind France. Italian wine is exported world-wide and is also very popular in Italy.With Italy’s long north-south peninsula, each Italian wine region benefits from the micro-climates which are assisted by the exposure to the seas.
Italy has a wide range of altitudes and has a variety of soil conditions as well.